What is Sharepoint?

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Learn SharePoint – Introduction

This First Article Provide to Information about SharePoint. The Purpose of this Article is to help to reader understand SharePoint and boost their knowledge from a beginner to that of a SharePoint developer.

The Basic Point of this article is:

  1. What is the SharePoint?
  2. History and Evaluation of SharePoint
  3. Basic Comparison of SharePoint and Other Web Development platforms
  4. How to decide whether to go with SharePoint
  5. The basic architecture of SharePoint
  6. Types of SharePoint
  7. Components of SharePoint


  1. What is the SharePoint?

The name itself says everything “Share” “Point”. A central POINT from where we can SHARE information and do collaboration. Now this information can be in the form of a document, web page, wiki, etc.

So if we put a simple definition around it:

“SharePoint is a WEB APPLICATION PLATFORM (portal) which helps to share and collaborate information between different stake holders”.

So for example, in a company, you have departments like Accounts, HR, Sales, etc. All these departments have data and content in different formats. For example, accounts department uses Excel to maintain accounts, HR uses Word document, and sales people use PPT files and so on. At some moment of time, you want all these people to collaborate and coordinate with each other. That’s where SharePoint comes into the picture.



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  1. History and Evaluation of SharePoint

The history of SharePoint is quite simple and straightforward. Microsoft has evolved SharePoint from time to time. The first product of SharePoint was launched in 2001. And then later in 2003, Microsoft came up with the new version. Let’s have a look at the history of SharePoint and its feature enhancements.

  • SharePoint 2001
    Microsoft SharePoint 2001 was officially called SharePoint Portal Server 2001. It has the functionality of document management and enterprise search with SharePoint Team services to work in collaboration.
  • SharePoint 2003
    Microsoft SharePoint 2003 was officially called Microsoft SharePoint Portal Server 2003. This time Microsoft released Windows SharePoint Server as part of Windows Server 2003. It had an improved user interface, better personalization, and a collaboration store.
  • SharePoint 2007
    Microsoft SharePoint 2007 was officially called Microsoft Office SharePoint Server 2007(MOSS). Also, it came up with many fixes of Microsoft SharePoint portal 2003. A few more services were introduced such as Business Data Connectivity, InfoPath Form Services site columns, content types etc.
  • SharePoint 2010
    Microsoft SharePoint 2010 was officially called Microsoft SharePoint Server 2010. With this version, SharePoint Foundation was also released. New authentication functionality was also added.
  • SharePoint 2013
    Microsoft SharePoint 2013 was officially called Microsoft SharePoint Server 2013. This product came up with an entirely new design package. It had a new master page as compared to SharePoint’s previous versions. The most significant changes that Microsoft has made to SharePoint 2013 have been done to adapt the SharePoint platform for hosted environments in the cloud, such as SharePoint Online in the Office 365 environment. This is a big change for developers because the SharePoint platform has been split in two. There is the older, familiar SharePoint platform in scenarios in which a company has deployed SharePoint on-premises.
  • SharePoint 2016
    Microsoft SharePoint 2016 was officially called Microsoft SharePoint Server 2016. Key improvements include hybrid mode, improved mobile navigation, large file support, extended support for special characters in filenames, and SharePoint Server 2016 now provides the same data loss prevention capabilities as Office 365.


  1. Basic comparison of SharePoint and other web development platforms

There are many web-based platforms available which provide the functionality to develop a website just using web browsers. A few of them are WordPress, Joomla, and many other CMS websites. Some are premium and some are free. SharePoint is also one of them. SharePoint can be considered as a great CMS which allows the user to build and control the website and its content without having knowledge of HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. In other words, SharePoint allows the user to manage contents on the website without having any technical knowledge.

As compared to other CMS websites, SharePoint provides much better control over the contents and security of the contents. Some of the functionality that SharePoint provides is versioning to the contents, content approval, fast search, permission management, user management and many more features.

  1. How to decide whether to go with SharePoint

When it comes to choosing between SharePoint and another web-based platform, it becomes a tough call to decide to choose SharePoint. Let me simplify the choice.

Every organization has its own reason to choose SharePoint. Here I am describing if I have to make a choice then why I will choose SharePoint.

Due to following reasons, I will choose SharePoint because:

  • SharePoint has better Document Management facilities.
  • It has better user and rights management
  • Opens a full scope to customize the application
  • Provides the best way to collaborate with your team using team sites, tasks management, issue tracking, announcements etc.
  • Fastest search service
  • Versioning of the documents and content approvals
  • Its default workflows
  • Control over contents

5. Basic architecture of SharePoint

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SharePoint is built on the top of Microsoft .NET framework. Every web page in SharePoint will end up with the extension *.aspx. So the architecture of SharePoint is based on the .NET framework. Below is the architecture of SharePoint.

Image Source: http://www.enjoysharepoint.com/pic/SharePoint-2013-architecture.png

 Architecture explained

As per the architecture, please follow the below-given instructions to set up SharePoint.

  • Install Windows Server
  • Install IIS Services
  • Install .NET Framework
  • Install SQL Server
  • Set up Active Directory Services
  • Install SharePoint Foundation
  • Install SharePoint Server (Any SharePoint Version)
  1. Types of SharePoint

There are basically 3 types of SharePoint,

  1. SharePoint Foundation
    SharePoint Foundation is a free downloadable installation and represents the foundational parts of SharePoint. You will just need to have Windows Server OS. For features refer here: https://www.tutorialspoint.com/sharepoint/sharepoint_types.htm
  1. SharePoint Server
    SharePoint Server offers a wealth of features that expand upon those offered in SharePoint Foundation. It provides a richer, more advanced collection of features that you can utilize in your organization’s solutions. For more details, you can refer here: https://www.tutorialspoint.com/sharepoint/sharepoint_types.htm
  2. SharePoint Online
    it is SharePoint’s Cloud version. It provides cloud-based solutions. You just need to pay per the number of users. You do not have to worry about upgrading SharePoint, Microsoft handles that on its own. For more details refer. here: https://www.tutorialspoint.com/sharepoint/sharepoint_types.htm


  1. Components of SharePoint

Components of SharePoint include:

  1. SharePoint Farm
  2. Web Application
  3. Site Collections
  4. Sites and Sub sites
  5. Web Parts
  6. List and Libraries
  7. Search
  8. Site Pages
  9. Users and Groups
  10. Permissions
  11. Workflows
  12. Branding
  13. And many more

So in this article, I tried to cover the basics of SharePoint. I hope this will be helpful to someone who is pretty new to SharePoint and wants to start learning SharePoint. If you are a SharePoint person, and you think that I have missed or provided some improper information then please let me know in the comments section.





About us:


innoventix provide services of web develoment SharePoint development blockchain office365 consultant woo-commerce SEO We have experienced SharePoint consultant with more than 12 yrs. of experience working with SharePoint and related technologies. We have worked with clients from countries like Canada, USA, Mexico, UK, Sweden and India. We have experience working with various versions of SharePoint and also on premise and online versions. Apart from SharePoint we can build InfoPath forms, PowerApps, branding SharePoint website, custom dashboards and custom search features of SharePoint. If needed we can provide references of my clients. We know SharePoint can be sometimes overwhelming to understand but don’t worry being a professional consultant we can help you achieve your desired results from the SharePoint site.

Innoventix Solutions provides complete wide range of IT solutions containing SharePoint consultant, Powerapps, office365, InfoPath forms, Web Development, website re-degine, Software Development, Customer Software development, E-commerce Website Development, Cloud Computer, SEO, Outsourcing and many more……


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